Which Programming Language Should You Learn? – Most Popular Programming Languages

Do you want to learn to code but aren’t sure where to start? A commonly asked question is which programming language should I learn initially.

A thorough understanding of the top programming languages – yes, more than one – is required for several IT positions today. This is the guide for you if you want to grow in your profession and want to learn the finest programming language.

Because of the speed of technological advancement, the industry undergoes rapid changes.  In addition, with over 600 possible languages to select from, it might be difficult to go through them all and choose the one that best matches your needs.

A number of factors will need to be considered, such as your motivation to learn and the level of difficulty of the programming languages you are interested in learning as well as why you want to learn them in the first place. There is a need to study the finest programming language, whether you want to acquire a programming certification or learn how to build mobile applications. We’ll discuss the finest programming language to learn in 2021, as well as yearly pay projections and its difficulty, in this blog.

To Start with Programming What Is the Best Programming Language to Pick Up?

It’s time to pick on a programming language now that you’ve gained some background knowledge on the subject. When it comes to making this decision, you have a few options. A programming language may be chosen in two ways: according to the task at hand or based on what’s most in-demand or popular in the business.

As long as you’re learning for enjoyment, you can choose any language. HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and Python are some popular languages for beginners. In the next part, you’ll discover more about them.

To get your foot in the door, master fundamental markup languages like HTML and CSS if you’re new to coding. The front-end web development process relies on these two technologies, which may be utilized to create visually appealing web pages by simply adding interactive components.

It’s a good idea to learn HTML and CSS if you want to construct a website from scratch. Once you’ve mastered HTML/CSS, you may go on to languages like JavaScript, Node, or React to add functionality to your website. If you want to become a web developer, you’ll need to show off a wide range of your prior work.

Popular Programming Languages to Learn in 2021

To discover more about some of the most common programming languages and what they’re used for, go through the list below.

  1. Python

A popular programming language, Python has quickly become a go-to language for beginners. This is owing to the fact that it is simple to understand. Python is a free, open-source programming language that provides simple integration methods. A GUI-based desktop program makes it easy to use for both beginners and experts. Python may be used in a variety of applications, including 2D and 3D image and animation tools such as Autodesk, Inkscape, and Blender.

Python programming has also been used to build video games such as Vegas Trike and Civilization IV. For scientific and computational procedures, as well as popular sites like YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, and more. According to Glassdoor, the average income for a python developer is $72,500 per year.

  1. JavaScript

JavaScript is a dynamic programming language that is largely used in web development to create interactive and user-friendly web pages. It helps companies to enhance their user engagement by showing dynamic components on their websites while providing styled web pages with extra functionality.

Most beginners interested in front-end web development or mobile game development will benefit from learning this flexible programming language, which is the foundation of web browsers.

  1. Java Programming Language

Java is a well-known programming language that has been used in the software industry for many years. It is a platform-independent general-purpose object-oriented programming language. (For example, Android, iOS, Windows, Mac, and so on.) This is due to its ability to Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA). Java is recognized for its cross-platform capability as a result of this fact. Java-based apps are presently operating on 3 billion devices. Application and web development, big data, and the backend of famous sites such as Twitter, Google, Amazon, and YouTube all use Java as a programming language to build applications and online sites. Hibernate and Spring are two new Java frameworks. Professionals who want to learn programming languages are increasingly using these frameworks. Java is a bit more difficult to learn than Python, but experts who are familiar with it are in great demand. According to Glassdoor, you may make up to $79,000 per year as a java developer.

  1. Kotlin Programming Language

JetBrains created Kotlin in 2011, which is another general-purpose language. The initial version of Kotlin, however, was published in 2016 and is compatible with functional programming languages as well as Java. Apps for Kotlin include desktop applications, online applications, android applications as well as the creation of server-side software. Kotlin is used by Google in a number of apps, and firms like PostMates and Coursera use it as their core programming language. According to ziprecruiter, a Kotlin developer may make an average of $136,000 per year and can earn up to $171,500.

  1. Swift

Apple released Swift in 2014 for Linux and Mac apps. When compared to other programming languages, Swift is an open-source programming language that requires less coding expertise. In addition to IBM Swift Sandbox and IBM Bluemix, Swift is utilized in major applications such as WordPress, Firefox, and Mozilla as well as SoundCloud, among other places. According to Glassdoor, professionals with Swift programming skills make an average yearly income of $96,000.

  1. C#

C# is an object-oriented programming language developed by Microsoft that grew to popularity in the 2000s. Anders Hejlsberg, the inventor of C#, stated that the language is similar to C++ when compared to Java. As one of the most powerful .NET framework languages, it works well on Android, iOS, and Windows due to the use of Microsoft Visual C++ as an integrated development environment. C# is also used in the backend of popular websites like Dell, Bing, and Visual Studio. The average salary for a C# developer, according to Glassdoor, is $68,500 per year.

  1. C and C++ Programming Language

C is the foundation for computer languages such as C#, Java, and Javascript. In order to learn the best programming language, it is essential to understand C, as it is the basis for C++ development. When it comes to computer science and programming, both C and C++ are commonly used languages.

As high-performance programming languages, C and C++ are frequently utilized in commercial products (Adobe), client/server programs, and video games. According to Glassdoor, the average annual income for a C and C++ programmer is $76,500.

  1. Go

Go, a programming language created by Google in 2007 for APIs and online applications, has just lately begun to gain traction as one of the fastest-growing computer languages. The popularity of Go stems from its simplicity. It has the ability to handle multicore computers and large codebases without a problem. Go, commonly known as Golang, is a popular programming language among major IT firms because of its familiar syntax and ease of usage. For example, Go is being used by Twitch, Dropbox, and Uber. Its performance and agility have made it a favorite among data scientists everywhere! According to Glassdoor, a Go developer may make an average of $92,000 per year and up to $134,000 per year.

  1. PHP

Many web developers feel it necessary to understand PHP, which was established in 1990 and is used to build more than 80% of websites. Some of the firms that employ the programming language are Facebook and Yahoo. This language is also used to create command-line scripts, server-side scripts, and desktop apps by programmers. PHP is a very simple language to pick up for beginners. According to Glassdoor, PHP programmers earn an average yearly income of $81,500.

  1. Matlab Programming Language

Developed by MathWorks, Matlab was first published in the mid-1980s as a proprietary programming language. Originally designed for engineers and scientists, Matlab may also be used to create machine learning and deep learning programs. To build algorithms, validate research, process images, and analyze data it is also employed.

You may learn more about Matlab on the MathWorks website, which has a comprehensive section. According to ziprecruiter, the average income for a Matlab developer is $101,000 per year.

  1. R

R is a programming language that is extensively used by statisticians and data miners. It is a free software environment for graphics and statistical computation. For data analysis and statistical software creation, they mostly utilize R programming. Developed by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman, R has become one of the most frequently used computer languages in 2021, along with Python. R developers make an average of $91,000 a year, according to ziprecruiter.


This concludes the blog about what programming language to learn in 2021. Many other programming languages are available today, but these are just 11 of the most popular or extensively used ones in many organizations throughout the globe. It is critical to upskill and continue studying the programming languages that are in great demand if you want to change careers or advance in your present one.

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