Esp8266 Module for IOT WIFI Application

Processor: L106 32-bit RISC microprocessor core based on the Tensilica Xtensa Diamond Standard 106Micro running at 80 MHz
Memory:
32 KiB instruction RAM
32 KiB instruction cache RAM
80 KiB user-data RAM
16 KiB ETS system-data RAM
External QSPI flash: up to 16 MiB is supported (512 KiB to 4 MiB typically included)
IEEE 802.11 b/g/n Wi-Fi
Integrated TR switch, balun, LNA, power amplifier and matching network
WEP or WPA/WPA2 authentication, or open networks
16 GPIO pins
SPI
I²C (software implementation)
I²S interfaces with DMA (sharing pins with GPIO)
UART on dedicated pins, plus a transmit-only UART can be enabled on GPIO2
10-bit ADC (successive approximation ADC)

“The same time” is actually more theoretically because this module has single threaded MCU, so it can only do a certain thing at 1 point, but the fact that when you receive a request while being in AP / Server mode, you can then immediately connect to next AP and make a request as a client is amazing.

Below you can see the code We uploaded in one of my ESP8266 client. It reads temperature and humidity from a DHT22 and sends it to the AP ESP, and then sleeps for 5 minutes. We also used a static network configuration in order to win some time by not waiting for DHCP. For request handling We’ve used ESP8266HTTPClient library which We found being much simpler and logic and recommend it.

#include 
#include 
#include 
#define DHTPIN 2

// AP Wi-Fi credentials
const char* ssid = "***********";
const char* password = "**********";

// Local ESP web-server address
String serverHost = "http://192.168.4.1/feed";
String data;
// DEEP_SLEEP Timeout interval
int sleepInterval = 5;
// DEEP_SLEEP Timeout interval when connecting to AP fails
int failConnectRetryInterval = 2;
int counter = 0;

float h;
float t;
// Static network configuration
IPAddress ip(192, 168, 4, 4);
IPAddress gateway(192, 168, 4, 1);
IPAddress subnet(255, 255, 255, 0);

DHT dht(DHTPIN, DHT22);
WiFiClient client;

void setup() {
  ESP.eraseConfig();
  WiFi.persistent(false);
  Serial.begin(74880);
  Serial.println();
  Serial.println("**************************");
  Serial.println("**************************");
  Serial.println("******** BEGIN ***********");
  Serial.println("- start DHT sensor");
  dht.begin();
  delay(500);
  Serial.println("- set ESP STA mode");
  WiFi.mode(WIFI_STA);
  Serial.println("- connecting to wifi");
  WiFi.config(ip, gateway, subnet); 
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
  Serial.println("");
  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    if(counter > 20){
       Serial.println("- can't connect, going to sleep");    
       hibernate(failConnectRetryInterval);
    }
    delay(500);
    Serial.print(".");
    counter++;
  }
  
  Serial.println("- wifi connected");
  Serial.println("- read DHT sensor");
  readDHTSensor();
  Serial.println("- build DATA stream string");
  buildDataStream();
  Serial.println("- send GET request");
  sendHttpRequest();
  Serial.println();
  Serial.println("- got back to sleep");
  Serial.println("**************************");
  Serial.println("**************************");
  hibernate(sleepInterval);
}

void sendHttpRequest() {
  HTTPClient http;
  http.begin(serverHost);
  http.addHeader("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
  http.POST(data);
  http.writeToStream(&Serial);
  http.end();
}

void readDHTSensor() {
  delay(200);
  h = dht.readHumidity();
  t = dht.readTemperature();
  if (isnan(h) || isnan(t)) {
    t = 0.00;
    h = 0.00;
  }
  Serial.println("- temperature read : "+String(t));
  Serial.println("- humidity read : "+String(h));
}

void buildDataStream() {
  data = "temp=";
  data += String(t);
  data += "&hum=";
  data += String(h);
  Serial.println("- data stream: "+data);
}


void hibernate(int pInterval) {
  WiFi.disconnect();
  ESP.deepSleep(10 * 600000 * pInterval, WAKE_RFCAL);
  delay(100);
}

void loop() {}

——-

For the Access Point We used the following code
#include 
#include 
// IoT platform Credentials
String apiKey = "*************";
const char* logServer = "api.thingspeak.com";

// Internet router credentials
const char* ssid = "***********";
const char* password = "***********";

ESP8266WebServer server(80);

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(74880);
  WiFi.mode(WIFI_AP_STA);
  setupAccessPoint();
}
// Handling the / root web page from my server
void handle_index() {
  server.send(200, "text/plain", "Get the f**k out from my server!");
}

// Handling the /feed page from my server
void handle_feed() {
  String t = server.arg("temp");
  String h = server.arg("hum");

  server.send(200, "text/plain", "This is response to client");
  setupStMode(t, h);
}

void setupAccessPoint(){
  Serial.println("** SETUP ACCESS POINT **");
  Serial.println("- disconnect from any other modes");
  WiFi.disconnect();
  Serial.println("- start ap with SID: "+ String(ssid));
  WiFi.softAP(ssid, password);
  IPAddress myIP = WiFi.softAPIP();
  Serial.print("- AP IP address is :");
  Serial.print(myIP);
  setupServer();
}

void setupServer(){
  Serial.println("** SETUP SERVER **");
  Serial.println("- starting server :");
  server.on("/", handle_index);
  server.on("/feed", handle_feed);
  server.begin();
};

void setupStMode(String t, String v){
  Serial.println("** SETUP STATION MODE **");
  Serial.println("- disconnect from any other modes");
  WiFi.disconnect();
  Serial.println();
  Serial.println("- connecting to Home Router SID: **********");
  WiFi.begin("*********", "*********");
  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    delay(500);
    Serial.print(".");
  }
  Serial.println();
  Serial.println("- succesfully connected");
  Serial.println("- starting client");
  
  WiFiClient client;

  Serial.println("- connecting to Database server: " + String(logServer));
  if (client.connect(logServer, 80)) {
    Serial.println("- succesfully connected");
    String postStr = apiKey;
    postStr += "&field1=";
    postStr += String(t);
    postStr += "&field2=";
    postStr += String(v);
    postStr += "\r\n\r\n";
    Serial.println("- sending data...");
    client.print("POST /update HTTP/1.1\n");
    client.print("Host: api.thingspeak.com\n");
    client.print("Connection: close\n");
    client.print("X-THINGSPEAKAPIKEY: " + apiKey + "\n");
    client.print("Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded\n");
    client.print("Content-Length: ");
    client.print(postStr.length());
    client.print("\n\n");
    client.print(postStr);
  }
  client.stop();
  Serial.println("- stopping the client");
  /** If your ESP does not respond you can just
  *** reset after each request sending 
  Serial.println("- trying reset");
  ESP.reset();
  **/
}

void loop() {
  server.handleClient();
}
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